## List of Modules

Physics 221 introduces students to the basic principles of mechanics (kinematics, Newton's Law, energy and momentum, rotation and oscillation) and wave motion.  After successfully completing this course students will have acquired the fundamental knowledge to understand various physical phenomena and their basis for practical applications.  They will be able to apply mathematics (vectors, algebra, trigonometry) to describe and analyze physical properties and they will have practiced discussing physics with classmates through active participation in the course.
Physics often serves as a support course for students studying in another program.  Physics 221 teaches students to look for the physical principles that underlie complex technical and biological phenomena and to spot misleading claims that defy the laws of physics.
The laboratory component is especially important.  In 12 laboratories or studio sessions students perform open-ended real or realistically simulated experiments.  These experiments, which combine many different skills and concepts, expose the students to the experimental basis of physics.  Students acquire skills in planning and performing experimental work, in analyzing experimental data and in estimating experimental uncertainties.

• Module 1: Position, Velocity, and Acceleration
• Displacement, velocity, acceleration, motion with constant acceleration.
• Module 2: Newton's Laws of Motion
• The concept of force, inertial frames, Newton's 2nd and 3rd law, mass and weight.
• Module 3: Applications of Newton's Laws of Motion
• Projectile motion, uniform circular motion, friction and drag, free-body diagrams.
• Module 4: Work and Energy
• Work done by forces, kinetic energy, potential energy, conservation of energy.
• Module 5: Momentum
• Momentum, impulse, elastic and inelastic collisions, the center of mass.
• Module 6: Rotational Motion
• Rotational kinematics, torque, angular momentum.
• Module 7: Static Fluids
• Pressure, buoyancy, surface tension.
• Module 8: Fluids Dynamics
• Viscous Fluids, turbulence.
• Module 9: Temperature and Heat
• Temperature, kinetic theory, ideal gas law, heat flow, thermal properties of matter.
• Module 10: Thermodynamics
• The first and second law of thermodynamics, heat engines and refrigerators, entropy.
• Module 11: Oscillations and Waves
• Simple harmonic motion, damped and driven oscillations, mechanical waves.
• Module 12:  Sound
• Traveling and standing sound waves, the Doppler effect.